Learn English For Spanish Speakers App
14-Nov-2018 Jeramy McQuay
Where is your spirit of adventure. "this grammatical approach enables students not only to learn latin but also to become more conscious of how their own language works. A popular app in the spanish-speaking market, voxy provides users with an option to connect with native english speakers to learn english. One of my favorite sources has become tom’s deutschseite. You will have the chance to teach students of different ages and levels of knowledge, and receive immediate feedback so you can learn how to adapt your techniques and methods to be effective for all your students. Spi has allowed me to see the true greatness of the spanish language through my program in san sebastian, and those three weeks in spain are sure to maintain the title of my favorite trip for a very long time. In combination with that, i'd use things such as duolingo, memrise, and anki decks to build vocab and get examples of some more basic sentences. Who knows what the future has in store for the spanish language, but clearly its influence is spreading fast and wide beyond its “official” borders. One thing that they all have in common is that all of them are very vivid, they spring from the pages and the writing itâs very good.
The first thing i did was i parked the bike in a shady spot underneath a tree. If you wish to learn french, then you may want to consider a lobotomy. The school stresses the importance of the teacher-student school relationship. With this powerful app, you can translate text into more than 60 languages. The child won't learn english. Noun-adjective agreement, tense agreement and sequence of tenses), correct. Your laundry will be done once a week by your host family. Do you have any idea what i’m trying to convey.
You’ll only find the machine at flex studios (for now), where the trainers can now add an additional 30-plus exercises to their routines. It can signify decisiveness, similar to “right” or “ok” when used at the beginning of a sentence in english. Only try it with a class you are comfortable with, and who you think will cope with the situation. as elementary world languages classes typically have less contact time than secondary classes, each novice-mid unit for k-5 has been broken up into two, six week units. Teachers are qualified and experienced spanisch speakers, and each lesson will be customised to suit your individual needs, enabling you to progress much more quickly than in the traditional classroom environment in geelong. At miramar, that russian embassy leers over colonial palaces like some giant concrete monster from the future. Controls are quite simple and will require only the use of the mouse. Huge waste of time unless you need to learn hello, goodbye, and he/she pronouns. Unlike the city of xela which is a large urban centre, antigua is relatively small and walkable. Go to google for help and listings.
if something was not in the scriptures, it was a man-made distortion of what god intended. Chichén itzá had many pyramids, temples, and ball courts. There were many reasons for this:. Otherwise, enjoy her take on what parents can do to help their children learn languages that the parents themselves don't speak fluently yet. i never go somewhere to see a spot (the best view i’ll get of the blue hole in belize is through national geographic); i travel with a specific. Advertising in our luxury homes magazine gives you an opportunity to reach an exclusive. ” this ‘interactive training’ focuses on quick tasks centered around vocabulary and grammar goals. We also provide educational programs to increase awareness and help individuals learn to become better support people for their friends and loved ones. The staff was always so professional and understanding with any issues that ever did come up. Unit, students are keeping a material record of their reflections and.
However, we ask you respect the routine and house rules of the family you’re staying with. Learn through stories and real-life conversations. It is extremely [unsociable] and requires napping throughout the day. How can we make our school more energy efficient. Are you teaching your kids in spanish. The people are loving and kind.
She has an mba from harvard business school and is mom to kids learning mandarin and spanish. Spanish for preschoolers e-guide, and receive today the tools you need to create an exciting preschool spanish curriculum. Watching english movies and tv with spanish subtitles. From socrates and plato to darius and xerxes, john explains two of the great powers of the ancient world, all without the use of footage from 300. Then after you've learnt a few songs and you can play a few chords, seek lessons. There are others too, like the automobile, glass, wine and maritime museums. (you gotta’ have a good dictionary. - 70 minutes of reading instruction to provide you with an introduction to reading castilian spanish designed to teach you to sound out words with correct pronunciation and accent. 12 days of christmas easy guitar chords. My own depends almost entirely on.
By comparison, english speakers appear to have a disadvantage when learning spanish. as you think about your topic, consider how you can specify the search terms during the research process. Learn basic spanish fast techniques above. sometimes i’d forget certain words in english. Luckily colombia has transformed in recent years finally giving you the opportunity to learn spanish here. Plenty of other disgusting things in my memory, but i believe it was. Wasn't even no plot to it.
” it then flashes back, beginning with the event that is the catalyst for the remainder of the film: a priest bound to a cross floating down a river and over a huge waterfall. Some people say they cost more, but that's not true and is entirely dependant on which company you go with, much like normal lessons. ” after all, we all want to lie in on our bed and know that despite the struggles in our lives, we acted in a righteous manner. I guess it's better than german. But kelley and kenedy had some kind of falling out and, in particular, had words on august 17 after spike’s arrest and subsequent release. Lingo trip makes it fun to practice speaking 100 key expressions in french, spanish or german, before you go on your trip.
Therefore, most galleons were originally consigned for trade, although those captured by rival states were usually put into military service. Course intensity can be adjusted according to your preferences as well. I still remember vividly that i first saw your online video back home in china when i was in university. You did,and i look forward to other courses that you offer,and i have absolutely no doubt they also will work beneficially. Living the experience not only makes it a lot easier for the students to understand, but also makes it a lot more enjoyable and fun. but you probably won’t have to spend as long. Our specialists have experience with learning differences, learning disabilities, dyslexia, central auditory processing disorders (capd), adhd, cognitive and neurological disorders, and autism spectrum disorder. Duolingo goes a step further and tosses in a kanji for good measure, just in case you weren’t already blissfully unaware that you’ve now encountered 4 different writing scripts.
Auckland spanish courses and classes. not every day starts at this time, but it’s important to be on time for the first day for your oral evaluations. Our idea is to take you beyond the text books and provide you with real world language and spanish learning techniques that you will never find in a classroom. La conversación, the sheer size of hispanidad is a powerful reason to learn spanish. Display everyone’s hopes and dreams on the classroom bulletin board and give the class time to read what classmates have shared. Learn spanish by hiring a private tutor. It also held a cardboard cut out of one of the building’s stone figures through which people could insert their faces for a fun picture. For example, depending on the country a sidewalk can be called acera,. In 2016, isabel’s curiosity for animals took her to the amazon rainforest where she spent a month as a poet-in-residence and encountered howler monkeys, caiman, pink-toed tarantulas and lots and lots of mosquitos. The hospicio cabanas was once an orphanage, but now has been converted into the most wonderful center of music and art.
It actually seems a lot more when we’re using the metric system. Sm-2 is really old and does not handle skipped days well at all. This included their famous penknives and pocket knives, as well as scissors, table cutlery and razors. We should start by admitting that those who have english as their native language, regardless of their nationality, generally have it easy when it comes to communicating with foreigners, considering that english has become the lingua franca of the 21. , assisted by epidemiology doctoral students and consultants from the unc. This is a great way for people to quickly identify who this email is coming from, and it creates a stronger degree of recognition of your brand. This is the reason why a dictionary can be a fantastic learning resource.
Students talk when questions are good. This is a great show to watch as a family because it is a pretty realistic portrayal of family life and struggles. Intensive spanish courses in spain. I love reading and writing both fiction and non-fiction but i just suck (for lack of a better word) at math. Below are examples of basic spanish and catalan phrases, illustrating how the two languages can be different and alike. Lost & found: our lost and found bins really filled up over the summer. More easy craft ideas- for simple thanksgiving day ideas that only require things you already have in the house and your familia check this out.
The same perfect in manhood, truly god and truly man,. You will receive guidance on your goals for each reading week. The languages that have been added officially by the company are arabic, chinese (simplified), danish, dutch, french, german, italian, japanese, korean, norwegian, polish, portuguese (brazilian and european), spanish (european and mexican), and turkish. After initial training, little pruning is needed except to remove interfering branches. We are open year round, apart from public holidays. Nick wilde and judy hopps. In portugal, vasco da gama was busy integrating europe into the indian ocean trade by sailing around africa. Accreditation status is used to measure the legitimacy and overall quality of institutions of higher learning and their degree programs. I think that the eaisest language to learn in the world besides english is spanish, and jamican, also french. Neologisms and ‘portmanteau’ words — words put together.
For example, one of the most popular spanish-language programs at that time was the miami-based el show de cristina, billed as the spanish-language version of oprah. - after-school spanish programs for kids. Initial certificate – valid for three years and issued when you meet initial certification requirements of education, examination and experience. ****lillian mongeau, "preschool without walls. Com, you can find toronto language exchange partners for:.
No-madeja-do, a recognisable contraction of.
Learn English For Spanish Speakers App
What is a spanish bootcamp day. To help guide our cultural research. The mayor also serves a four-year term of office, which is up for election the same year that two council seats are up for vote. Without investing in storage space at home. Like any language course the words and concepts you learn with build on each other over time so that gradually you can start making longer sentences and communicate more complicated ideas. About an issue that affects people in the local or global community;. But they kept yelling at him to take it, so he took it.
Tac*one mass shooting training courses are designed to address the threat of an active shooter and other violent critical incidents at the workplace, on school grounds, college and university campuses, shopping malls, or churches. Sounds simple, but those of us with adhd know just how difficult this can be. However, the tenses largely align with ones we use in english, so they’re not as difficult to learn as you may think. Our social studies learning guides cover everything from the origins of western religion to the origins of our nation to the origins of some severely deformed demi-gods. in spanish as well as english. We live in a world where the number of spanish-speaking people is only growing. I am in a manufacturing plant in monterrey, nuevo leon, mexico. Designed for all those learning spanish at school, at work or at home.
In this class, learn step by step how to perfect a double welt pocket, single welt pocket and jetted buttonhole pocket. Through oral activities and in-class exercises you will learn to communicate important personal information, navigate first aid and doctor’s appointments, introduce yourself in a fluid conversational style and tell time. The course presents a curated collection of short, intimate talks on craft by two dozen acclaimed poets writing in english. Never reject a broad construct like “learning styles. Theories of mind as they mature, children develop theories of what it means to learn and understand that profoundly influence how they situate themselves in settings that demand effortful and intentional learning (bereiter and scardamalia, 1989). So i slept on her couch. People all it a creepy obsessive crush but i call it stalking.
How does dora the explorer teach spanish. How i’m learning spanish practicing 15 minutes a day*. Plants produce goes back to the united states. In the heart of the walled city. Csp languages also offers services of professional translations. Many times from random strangers, but i have yet to meet a person asking me.
Disclaimer: this is a fictitious case used only for training purposes. I would recommend instant immersion. How things work so i can build conlangs, and vice versa, creating the conlangs. With more than 50 lessons teaching you how to pronounce spanish word, after completing the course, you can pronounce every words in spanish precisely. They don’t offer latin, though. Everyone loves a good story: not just the kind you study in fiction courses, like evan berke did, but the ones created and shared everyday between people. Gcse/o level english language (as a first language): grade c. Hennepin county’s storytimes in hmong, spanish, somali, and vietnamese can be found here:. 6, we've introduced an entirely new sync engine which is faster, more reliable, and more energy-efficient.
Schedule location notifications on your phone for a specific time. His greatest claim to fame was leading several attacksagainst the spanish and, as vice-admiral in command of the englishfleet, he was instrumental in defeating the spanish armada as itattempted to invade england. I want tom learn spanish at there and also before i leave. Kjv and to make all [men]. Plus they’re just so much fun. The research team also signaled that their conclusions may be most applicable for adults and parents working with for spanish-speaking english-learners, because more than 75 percent of the participants from the 50-plus studies were native spanish speakers. In the 1920s, buenos aires was overflowing with creative drawings and design.
Students will take up to 5 literature and creative writing courses taught in spanish by renowned latin american writers. He then directs her to her second test. How did the indians initially respond to the spanish. As someone who is so used to writing and reading in english so frequently (english major, copyeditor, etc. Talk often with her and respond to her questions. The activities are not free, however, and generally speaking courses at nebrija are a little more expensive than other spanish public universities.
The most striking facts about the spanish language are that:. There on the 15th of april. Knives like this one are common in the anglo-saxon period. How do you get the waiter’s attention. Day 28: i passed 4 more levels on duolingo (. It is great to have you involved in our process. Bonus: when addressing an email you get a different keyboard. The area consists of the john f. Once you’re there, click “original” to see a. mix water and flour and glue, dip newspaper strips and place all.
âhangmanâ is not your average day in high school. But if you’re considering any of these, be prepared for a tough course. This sentence is using the if clause to explain why the person cannot do something. And it most often comes down to the child developing the right attitude to foreign languages. Read it every time you pass by. Is the child able to make an accurate self-assessment of his or her behavior. In addition, when ordering this program, people will receive the “synergy spanish fast start” book, the “synergy spanish lessons” audio, the “synergy spanish coaching” audio, and the “fast-start action” book. Phrases are easier to remember because they have meaning, they paint a picture, they tell a story. Targeted specifically to english speakers wanting to learn spanish, this is a quality app that contains 50 short lessons combining both audio and video to create a top-notch learning experience.
Each of these places is concretely imprinted into my spatial memory. I _ the film i saw yesterday. When i used to lifeguard, i had memorized all sorts of acronyms for various procedures such as red or abc. Interactions and the student's performance in the classrooms. Henry told his advisers that his lack of a male heir was god’s punishment for his sinful union with his brother’s widow. Yes, if there is a subject or lesson you want to learn and you can't see the english lesson listed then ether using the contact us form. Location of our school in granada. You want to learn german language.
1960 porque no me avergüenzo. Or do you need a thorough review of all the level 2 material to feel comfortable enough to go to level 3. The cantonese dialect is the most commonly spoken language in the territory, though english is the language of the business and service industries; hotel employees, many urban hong kong residents, most young people and shop and service personnel understand and speak it to some degree. Behavior analysis is currently on the brink of doing just that, with researchers like anna petursdottir and ruth-anne rehfeldt, and while we as a field would not articulate it quite like donovan has, his basic argument in this post dovetails nicely with what ba research and practice tell us. *has used english frequently when interacting with instructor and/or peers.
I’ve studied french for 7 months and i discovered the language community about 5 months in (3 months of assimil) and eventually created this method for myself in the start of the 6th month. Many young people today is their inability to speak english fluently. It will be the "entrance b", for your convenience you should use entrance b at all the times (registration, classes etc. Learn to speak spanish: details to speak naturally and communicate effectively. 66 a month you will receive a comprehensive course that covers pronunciation, speech, grammar, writing, vocabulary-building lessons and supplemental learning materials. Consult the schedule book of the. This will help reinforce what the students should be learning. 100% spanish provides first class learning facilities at our offices in st. Arguably, learning a language is just as deserving of respect, time and attention…don’t ask me where i’m going with this because i don’t know either. I’ll tell you more about my curriculum later on.
If you have managed to gain the grades and the work experience necessary to secure a place on a medical course, then the chances are you’re no stranger to hard work. as stated in the award’s opener, “in a time when human values are increasingly being called into question, literature becomes an even more important counterforce to stop the culture of silence and oppression. Especially due to the fact that i have become a muslim. We think an excellent way for students to practice spanish , inmerse themselves in bolivian culture and exchange experiences is to live with a bolivian family. Then, start your next one. Teachers are often prescriptive instead of descriptive. That and those (close by) (as demonstrative adjectives).
I could easily get by and people were able to understand me (some people corrected me when i made a mistake). He loved visiting your three campuses, he said everyone was friendly and he is proud of his new spanish. The classes in the healthcare interpreting (spanish/english) certificate focus on the development of applied learning in a cohesive program that prepares bilingual speakers to work as healthcare interpreters. It also employs contact-release, floor work, fall and recovery, and improvisation characteristic of modern dance. Duolingo’s naturalistic approach is reminiscent of how we learn our mother tongue as children; you are encouraged to absorb grammar by context and association rather than memorising rules. Dryden goes so far as to argue that ‘the realms of nonsense are the dumping grounds for literary failures’ (hugh haughton introduction p. Com showcases freely available spanish-language short films on the internet, no download required.
Goldenberg: but there are some adjustments that are necessary, primarily because they don't know the language. I wrote this article to help expose new language learners to the abundance of free materials available for learning languages. Which is just as well given ser jorah’s predicament and what’s massing beyond the wall. It's invigorating and intensive – yet enormously satisfying. The people established their own schools and maternity.
Provide them with ample opportunities to practice what they have learned in real or realistic communicative situations. This means that scientists can read the n400 height to analyse the kind of expectations you have about which words usually occur together. Image how great it could be to find out that your soul mate is from the country you have always had admiration for. Mercedes is spying for the resistance. College admissions offices know that we all can have extenuating circumstances.
It’s not good for your career.
Best App To Learn English For Spanish Speakers
Printable worksheets let parents participate in the learning. Learn a fun, yet sensual dance style known as bachata. I was not in any hurry to teach my son how to read, but rather followed my child’s lead. "validity and diagnostic accuracy of written expression curriculum-based measurement for students with diverse language backgrounds". Can you briefly describe the roasting process that occurs on-site.
One a ballerina with a dark secret, the other a delinquent locked in a juvenile facility. Learn the bible better with a free bible guide. Whether aged 3 months or 19 years, children and youth enjoy our lessons which are highly structured, yet fun and dynamic at all times. How can i put all this together. Luckily, such people are rare, and not being a spaniard, your girlfriend would probably never be given such an attitude. I need you like a heart needs a beat. They can be held at your own home, office or other location of your choice, and are a great way to be introduced to the spanish language. * cultural interchange- practice your spanish with local mexicans. Montgomery lies in montgomery county, which is one of the. Spanish is really easy to communicate.
If the dealer has blackjack, then the pot goes to the dealer. Tasks vary in difficulty, from a photograph and english translation, like “the bread” and a prompt to type in the french word, to an audio sample with instructions to “listen and type in french. – ¿hacia dónde va este tren, por favor. Your local spanish neighbours will admire you for trying, despite all the gaffs youll make. This was a confusing time for my spanish because my conversation partners came from a variety of countries and i was never hearing a consistent model. (note: i’ve never used any of these, so can’t speak to their quality).
I only ever took spanish in high school so idk how hard of a language it is (because i didn't apply myself in high school, also the level of difficulty in high school is ridiculously low). “in these patients, you would place a filter, and if they are not in cardiac shock, you would support them. The videos aren’t just lectures but include pictures and on-screen text for multiple learning styles. I will recommend to every student to take up tutions from her to excel in exams. Lots of people find this intimidating. three-point shots can get rowdy, so know your class and your re-directing abilities. Went i to the zoo”. Balanced curriculum based on the 'curriculum frameworks and the. Premiering as a mid-season replacement way back in march 2005,.
But that’s what philosophy is. The next section highlights just a few. Over the course of the summer, kale builds his own world up in his room, observing the neighbors engaging in their daily activities, including new addition ashley (a lifeless sarah roemer). You'll learn spanish by living spanish - in our classrooms, in your activities and excursions, and in the streets of barcelona. How to learn to speak spanish secrets that no one else knows about. My spanish is probably a five out of 10 and just looking at portuguese text, i can make out 40% of what i'm seeing.
Rocket spanish when you are out and about. You'll read and understand most everything. So there is a booming market in english instruction throughout. ' in english, we always start by saying:. Translating can reduce and at times eliminate the use of these skills, that have for many people gone into various degrees of dormancy. For minor chords however, we abbreviate the minor into just ‘m’ and add that onto the end of the chord. Most places that i inquire after cannot teach it. One vowel in each word is always emphasized greater than the rest– it is called the stressed vowel and marked with the acute accent ´. People don’t just learn to dance. 90, but it's typically marked down to $249.
2/ the spanish school provides a professional teaching in a friendly environment,. Our spanish classes are tailored to your needs and interests. Let’s consider the number of facts you need to know to produce correct english sentences. I have just had translated a catalogue essay. It can be a fun, easy way to learn conversational spanish, the way it’s actually spoken.
One that needs to be preserved. It is available at all levels from beginner upwards. Carpenter made contacts in albania, met members of ms. Even within the most beautiful landscape, in the trees, under the leaves the insects are eating each other; violence is a part of life. In 1853 it became part of the us military. Cuadro skills may also be a part of this class. Azana resigned as prime minister and elections were called for november 1933. Try to blend in by adopting the dress code. Some 500 steps lead from the visitors center to the top, from where on clear days the view is simply spectacular.
One day after school i have volunteers stay to help make sugar skulls. And check it out on facebook. Nacep ensures that programs are authentic and adhere to the highest of standards set forth for dual credit. Hong kong employs many great professors and highly regarded experts in their respective fields, with nobel laureates, renowned critics, famous authors and technology giants all playing a part in hong kong’s institutions. Ben franklin said the he was not sure if the plan was perfect. Students will be praised when expressing correct answers and encouraged when giving incorrect answers. Or we ponder why ethnic minorities — who tend to be poorer than the wwc — didn’t clamor for trump like their white counterparts did (hey, i’m sure racism had nothing to do with that).
As you get used to the natural pace of speech, you can switch to only checking the transcript if you missed something. Our academic community strives to make a difference in its home city of camden and is committed to service learning and scholarly exchange with leading academic partners around the world. Even if the other people are not native speakers it is still forcing you to speak your target language. When parents commit to learning english as a second language it provides a bonding experience between the parent and english speaking child, and makes communicating with the child's school much easier. It was torquemada's job to establish rules of evidence and procedure for the inquisition as well as to set up branches in major cities.
To make fast progress, during the next few weeks whenever you hear or read spanish focus particularly on catching all the uses of the verbs ser and estar. Your first year will be your hardest and you can get through it. The streets are clean and medical care is easily accessed. Ruston academy, founded in havana by americans in 1920, became a model international school among the u. but not long after, as i had suspected, he slowly quit trying to learn the language. Whenever possible use a cable in place of wifi to eliminate potential connectivity problems. Sidedoor host tony cohn ended up with a microphone in his hand and at the smithsonian. Link/10percent and save every month. Recognize that the farther from spanish the language is, the more work you're going to have to do to decipher what they're trying to teach and how your target language may differ. When asked if he thinks that a one-day seminar is sufficient to train interpreters for difficult cultural interactions, ceo tom garden was quick to respond.
These individuals prioritize the creation of time in their busy lives each day to educate themselves on new concepts and ideas. Four levels are available: pick. They work especially well for people who spend a lot of time driving, which is the case for me. The street ‘la nave’ to the western part of the city and arrive at another area of old. (note: some of the videos have advertising, but the ad revenue goes directly to the owner of the videos and not to me. Children will learn how to describe places and things, talk about family, zoo animals and other simple conversational topics. 3 hours a week on it and found the course difficulty to be.
It's a matter of opinion, but the shows that follow have all been accused of salacious salesmanship and caused the odd storm in a d-cup. Starting in kindergarten and continuing through 12th grade, students are exposed to and expected to learn an extensive amount of information in science, from facts and data to concepts and misconceptions. A distinguished mexican scholar has established that the term chicano. The communist leaders say wait a minute, what are you doing, what are you doing, is the tail wagging the dog. Alas, my time there was suddenly and brutally cut short by israeli bombs being dropped all around our home in the summer of 2006. We can assist you with 18 hole championship golf course. Try bloon eg, where you have to tap on matching balloons so that they explode, and you have to watch out that your finger doesn't get tangled with your child's finger. It is easily the best free language-learning app for spanish, french, german, portuguese, and italian (and it has english programs for speakers of spanish, french, italian, and portuguese, too.
over the years, we have offered spanish, italian, polish, russian, german, norwegian, japanese, chinese, korean, arabic, and portuguese language courses. ) always have tons of books in foreign languages. La frontera, a bilingual frontier with a unique mingling of characteristics. Spanish colonial society was divided into a caste system. Ellos aprenden a hablar escuchando el sonido de una madre que les habla. And, more often than not, i leave a class feeling like my spanish is worse than when i arrived. How do you translate i love you i want you back in my life in spanish. “i have a policy to never lend money to friends or family members,” or,. English, chinese, russian, greek, or german speakers generally find the spanish pronunciation of the vowels very easy.
40 different languages, but they’ll run you $3. ” in this case, “a mí” adds emphasis, drawing attention to the fact that tea is what. Sophisticated yet accessible destination for your spanish course, come to san sebastian and enjoy the. Form of it-- possibly to their surprise, if they go to college and take courses in it, expecting. Sometimes purebred horses are incorrectly or inaccurately called "thoroughbreds". You could try learning mandarin chinese through course offered at rosetta stone. Note that most of the time, the terms ‘spanish guitar’ and ‘classical guitar’ are interchangeable. " the reason for this is that most schools and language programs teach a rigid, nonauthentic form of spanish that doesn't really help you communicate with native spanish speakers. Price: there have never been more high-quality options to choose from, and the competition surrounding great writing apps is fierce. The same goes for how specific you are in regards to software, hardware, and other tools you are skilled with.
Talk over a cup of coffee. - weekend trips to cordoba, ronda, tropical coast, alpujarra mountains, seville,. it’s what you need to learn first. Many students say things like “i heard that hl biology is so hard” “maybe is better that i take hl spanish since i am quite good at languages. This is used in conditional statements:.